10 Viking Heritage Sites to Visit - Viking Ruins
Are you a Viking fan? Or you just like to explore ancient cities. For your convenience, we've listed 10 places that contain Viking heritage. They have built many things with their sails and warrior identities, in many different regions! Even after centuries, the Vikings have never lost their charm, even there is a series that we all know. We do not know how true or false what happened in the series, but what we wrote about the 10 places in our ranking is completely true. Here are 10 Viking Heritage Sites to Visit
You should buy this game to have fun with Vikings.
1. The Viking Fortress Trelleborg - Slagelse, Denmark
By Thue C. Leibrandt - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30522746
Trelleborg is one of the best-preserved of the 4 circular Viking castles in Denmark and is located near Slagelse in Northwest Zealand. He is not the inventor of the technology that makes our current life easier, which we all use in our daily lives, but the father of his name. Founded by Harald I, a famous Viking king also known as Harald Bluetooth, the circular castles are believed to date back to the 10th century and were guarded by an army of warriors led by Harald I.
In addition to the castle, visitors can see a large Viking cemetery, a Viking village and a museum with numerous excavated objects, a museum shop, and a cafe. Trelleborg is a great place for people of all ages; performances, costumed guides, and events. Besides the perfect symmetry of the castle, the main purpose of its construction is defensive. Such a defensive placement can see the attack coming from anywhere and take the required position. If you think that the culture of the Vikings is more about war, you are not wrong, this defensive advantage is very important.
2. Jorvik Viking Centre - York, England
By Chemical Engineer - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58524884
The Jorvik Viking Center is a historic visitor attraction in York that showcases a reconstructed Viking city as it emerged in AD 975. Here are 40,000 well-preserved Viking artifacts and ruins of their cities found by archaeologists between 1979 and 1981. If you are a fan and are planning a trip to these regions, you should definitely see this place. Have you ever wondered what Viking life was really like?
Jorvik Viking Center will give you such an experience that you will feel like you are living there. Excavations by the York Archaeological Trust in the area where the Viking headquarters are now have revealed a wealth of information about the settlement that once stood there. Wooden structures, wells, tools, and pottery were uncovered, as well as less durable materials and textiles such as wood, leather, human, and animal remains. Because of the oxygen-deprived wet clay, these materials were miraculously able to survive underground for thousands of years. And this famous Viking kingdom was once known in many kingdoms.
Silks discovered in the 10th century suggest Jorvik's connections with the Red Sea or the Persian Gulf, while it was concluded that he had trade links dating back to the Byzantine Empire. The juxtaposition of pagan and Christian artifacts shows that Christianity was not the chief authority in Jorvik and there was some degree of coexistence.
3. The Viking Museum at Ladby - Denmark
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17203
The Viking Museum in Ladby, Denmark houses the Ladby Burial Ark, a Viking ship tomb that was found there in 1935. Dating to AD 925, the ship is believed to be the burial place of a prince or other leader such as a chief. Ladby Burial Ark was pulled to the top of the hill and filled with grave goods such as valuables and even animals. Most of us know this method from the pharaohs, but in most cultures, it is common to bury essential things to aid him in his death journey.
Displaying the Ladby Burial Ark and among some other excavation finds, the Viking Museum in Ladby offers an insight into the history of the Vikings and their life in the area. The Viking ship at Ladby contained the tomb of an unknown leader, chief, or king from the early 10th century AD. A huge dragon ship measuring 21.5 meters by 3 meters, possibly representing the son of Loki from Viking mythology, the famous snake Jörmungandr with 3 or 4 dogs and 11 horses. To be sunk into such an impressive ship was a display of power and grandeur, and it would take a lot of manpower to pull the ship into the fjord.
The burial site was lined with an oval earthen mound to create a visible reminder to travelers of the strength of the person buried there. However, the tomb was looted in the late Viking era. The damage to the tomb and much of its contents was disrespectful to the person buried there. In many religions, not just monotheistic religions, tombs are sacred but of course, when buried with riches there are looters just like in Egypt.
The Ladby ship was rediscovered in 1935 by a Danish pharmacist, Poul Helweg Mikkelsen. Gustav Rosenberg, the conservator of the Danish National Museum, recorded the first primary source information. A concrete dome was built to protect the ship's stigma, and a concrete floor was laid to prevent moisture from the ground. The ship was given to the National Museum, which belongs to the Department of Archeology and Landscape in 1994. Ladby Viking Museum was built around the Ladby ship in 2007. If you are considering a trip to Denmark, this is one of the places you must visit.
4. Jelling - Denmark
By Alicudi - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18743098
One of Denmark's Top Tourist Attractions, Jelling is an impressive and important archaeological Viking site in Denmark containing a number of important finds from the 10th century. Originally the royal residence of Old Gorm, Jelling remains a vital part of Danish history, especially since this Viking king was the first of the royal lineage to still rule the country today. In a region of power struggles where so many kingdoms have changed, this is a huge achievement.
Gorm and his son, Harald Bluetooth I, erected several monuments in Jelling, including a pair of huge burial mounds, the largest in Denmark. These are still incredibly well preserved. Gorm was buried inside the larger one, but the latter is not believed to have been used. The latter remains a mystery as it will not be excavated to preserve this historic fabric until new evidence is found.
Jelling also has two runic stones, the larger one made by Harald and the smaller one by Gorm. Runic stones known as Jelling Stones stand in front of the Jelling Church or 'Jelling Kirke', which dates back to the 1100s.
Jelling Kirke was the third church built on the site, an old wooden version built by Harald who converted to Christianity. This transformation is also evidenced by the figure of Jesus on one of the stones. Even while adopting a beautiful new culture, you can see that they never lost their old culture and blended it with their own.
5. Viking Ship Museum - Roskilde, Denmark
Have you ever wondered about the ships the Vikings sailed to the Mediterranean Baltic Sea and even the current Canadian borders to Labrador? The Viking Ship Museum (Vikingeskibsmuseet) is located in Roskilde, Denmark. Displaying five Viking ships, the Viking Ship Museum gives an incredible insight into the world of the Viking people and their period from 800 AD to 1100 AD. But to warn you, it's very brave to achieve so much with ships like this.
The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde is home to five world-famous Viking ships. Around the year 1070, five Viking ships were deliberately sunk at Skuldelev in the Roskilde Fjord to close off the most important gateway and protect Roskilde from an enemy attack from the sea. These ships, later known as the Skuldelev ships, were excavated in 1962. It turns out that there are five different types of ships, from cargo ships to warships. This shows that they were not just predatory and warlike barbarians as they are often called, but were also really methodical and advanced in technology such as the navy.
Overlooking the entrance to the Roskilde Fjord, the Viking Ship Museum was built in 1969 to display five newly discovered Skuldelev ships. In the late 1990s, excavations for the museum's shipyard expansion uncovered 9 more ships from the Viking Age and early medieval period. It is the largest discovery of prehistoric ships in northern Europe and includes the longest Viking warship ever found. Excavations are not yet complete but may have been completed by the time you read this article, so let's not make any guarantees about it.
The museum is known for the unique synergy between the display of original Viking ships and the interactive environment of the museum, where you can experience reconstructed Viking ships, excellent boat building, and special maritime crafts.
Viking ships range from a 30-meter-long warship known as "wreck 2" to an 11.2-meter fishing boat. Each one has been painstakingly rebuilt. The Viking Ship Museum also has an exhibit that tells the story of a Norwegian attack, and there are even summer boat trips for an authentic Viking experience. It is a great holiday option, especially considering that the summers are very hot at these times.
6. The Settlement Exhibition - Reykjavik, Iceland
The Settlement Exhibit showcases the remains of Iceland's first known Viking settlement, located in its original location in Reykjavik. Visitors to the Settlement Exhibit can see the stone foundations of a Viking Longhouse and numerous artifacts excavated in the area.
The site of the Settlement Exhibition dates back to 871 AD, while the longhouse is believed to date back to the 10th century. In 2001, archaeological remains were excavated at Aðalstræti, which turned out to be the earliest remains of human settlement in Reykjavik. A piece of the wall dating back to 871 AD was found in the heart of downtown Reykjavik. The excavation also revealed a tenth-century hall or high house. Probably the first generation of Vikings who came here spent time building a life instead of doing such amazing things, and after a stable life was established, the Vikings built this magnificent structure, which is one of the most famous representations of their culture.
The remains of a Settlement Age hall are thought to have been inhabited between AD 930-1000.
The Settlement Exhibit is also known as Reykjavik 871±2 due to the deposition of a tephra layer around 871 AD from an eruption in the Torfajokull area, about 400 km to the east. The layer was dated to 871 with a possible two-year error range in both cases. Tephra plays a crucial role in dating finds from the early years of Reykjavik's history. Of course, it can be a great experience if, like me, you are wondering how they settled from scratch and what they did, because over the centuries many people in most parts of the world settled here without any idea and started life from scratch. This is a good example if we consider that civilizations have developed.
7. L’Anse aux Meadows - Canada
By Dylan Kereluk from White Rock, Canada - Flickr, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=351717
The Vikings were the first to explore the Americas, and of course they traveled north through Iceland, reaching the easternmost tip of Canada first. L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada, is the only known Viking settlement in North America and also the earliest known Viking settlement to come to the area. Before Scandinavian settlement, the site of L'Anse aux Meadows had been occupied since prehistoric times, but what makes this site so remarkable is the arrival of the Vikings around 1000 AD.
Today, L'Anse aux Meadows is a UNESCO-listed archaeological site. Visitors to L'Anse aux Meadows can tour triple reconstructions of reconstructed 11th-century timber-framed Viking structures and see findings from archaeological excavations in the interpretation centre.
The earliest dated inhabitants of L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland were indigenous peoples dating back 6,000 years. Scandinavian settlers arrived from Greenland between 990 and 1050 AD (an estimate from carbon dating); At that time the area was a dense forest perfect for house and shipbuilding. In particular, all of the Vikings were looking for lands to farm rather than plunder, and these lands were very fertile and the materials needed to build ships seemed endless.
The area was probably part of what the Scandinavians called Vinland in historical epics because of the cultivation of great wine grapes. L'Anse aux Meadows was probably a temporary shipbuilding spot. Of course, the Vikings did not settle far from the ocean, after all, they were a seafaring people and their lives depended on them.
The archaeological remains were found in the 1960s by a Norwegian couple, Helge and Anne Ingstad. Anne led the archaeological survey of the area known to grow wild grapes between 1960 and 1968. The Ingstads believed that the Scandinavians would not mind settling at the very edge of the American Atlantic coast and would instead prefer light meadows inland.
Eight buildings made of timber-framed grass-covered buildings were found at the site. The largest residence had several rooms, while the 3 smaller buildings could have been servants' or slaves' houses. The workshops were found to be a forge and iron slag, as well as a carpentry workshop with wood rubble. A loom and spindle were found, suggesting the women settled with Scandinavian men. If you look from afar, you can see that these settlements are intertwined with nature.
8. Hedeby Viking Museum - Busdorf, Germany
Hedeby Viking Museum (known locally as Wikinger Museum Haithabu) is a museum near the area of Hebedy, an old medieval city. Located on the site of the Viking settlement, the Hedeby Viking Museum offers great information about the lives of the Vikings. The Hedeby Viking Museum is one of Germany's most important archaeological museums. Located on the outskirts of the Vikings' former trading post, the exhibit presents original finds, models, and media to put the site into its historical context about 1,000 years ago.
Founded by the Danish King Göttrik at the beginning of the 9th century, Hedeby was an ideal trading port and has become one of the most important, with its perfect location on the Strait of Jutland, now the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. Many Vikings who went to Northumbria at that time came to this region from Denmark, even as a reference, the Anglo-Saxons preferred to call it Danes instead of Vikings, and it is a very important place due to its connection with the Baltic.
Its good location also made Hedeby a target, so it was fortified by erecting semicircular walls in the 10th century. For nearly three hundred years, the area was an important location for goods handling between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. With the end of the Viking era in the mid-eleventh century, it was destroyed in 1050 by Norwegian King Harald Hardrada - the last great Viking - using burning ships. It was later destroyed by fire after a raid by Slavic warriors in 1066, so it was later abandoned and its functions transferred to the new city of Schleswig. You can see the example of that burning ship in the museum, it could be an epic scene if it were reanimated.
9. Fyrkat - Hobro, Denmark
Fyrkat is an archaeological site in Denmark consisting of nine reconstructed Viking houses and a ring fort, as well as a Viking burial ground. The castle at Fyrkat is thought to have been founded around 980 AD during the reign of Harald I Bluetooth. There are also exhibits on the history of the Vikings at the nearby Fyrkat Viking Center. If you do some research, King Harald I Bluetooth is not only the father of technology but also has his share of most of the historical finds that are now found.
Fyrkat is one of four Viking castles in Denmark built by King Harald Bluetooth around 980 AD. It was excavated between 1950 and 1958 by architect and museum inspector C. G. Schultz.
The castle is in the form of a complete circle with four gates equidistant from the sides and two wooden paths intersecting at right angles in the middle. Each of the four neighborhoods had four Long Houses of the same design, arranged in a square with a smaller house in the middle. As we have mentioned once again in this article, these types of structures were used a lot by the Vikings because they were really advantageous for defense and were not far from each other. If you're wondering what the Longhouse in the area looked like, there is an example, of course, not every king's longhouse is equally wealthy, but King Harald's longhouse was probably very wealthy in its time.
A cemetery north of the fort indicates that women and children lived on Frykat as well as men. About 30 graves of men, women, and children were found in the cemetery. Some were buried in wagon crates, others in coffins. The poor were randomly mixed with the rich. This suggests that social classes are not overly separate, at least in a serious sense, as we have seen in some cultures.
Most of the finds at the site were discovered in the cemetery, and the most valuable item found was a piece of gold jewelry with a bird's head on it.
10. Lindholm Hoje
Lindholm Hoje (Lindholm Hills) is an important archaeological site housing Denmark's most impressive Viking and Germanic Iron Age burial ground. With more than 700 tombs of various shapes and sizes discovered in 1952, Lindholm Hoje offers a fascinating insight into the burial traditions of the time.
Guided tours can be arranged in advance. Lindholm Hoje also has a museum that displays archaeological finds and tells the story of the Viking and Iron ages. Lindholm Hoje is located north of Aalborg, Denmark, and is considered Scandinavia's largest Viking cemetery. It was used by villagers between about 400 and 1000 AD and is home to about 682 cremation tombs, the spread of which is marked by rocks. If you look at it from afar, it looks more like a stone-floored shroud we talked about in our Irish article than a cemetery. It looks like randomly placed stones instead of order or shape. Before it was built centuries later, it was mostly covered with forests and had a more mystical appearance.
The lower, southern part of Lindholm Hoje is dated to the Viking Age 1000-1050 AD, while the higher, northern part is dated to the 5th century AD, the Northern Iron Age. The first major archaeological excavation of the site began in 1952, but excavations were made as early as 1889. The initial excavation included 589 of the 682 tombs, most of them broken, although it is not known how many were lost.
The area has been protected by the sliding of about four meters thick sands that have swept the area due to deforestation. The phenomenon also included a village excavated in the 1950s that contained artifacts such as farming equipment, a Viking longhouse, and even a sword.
Due to its location and transport links, the village is considered an important trade center, with glassware, precious stones, Arabian coins, and the 11th-century Urnesian brooch that bears witness to it. Traveling with the help of a guide and learning about its history will help you have a fuller time.
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10 Viking Heritage Sites to Visit