As with most foods and beverages that have been around for centuries, we don't know the exact history of coffee. But the most famous of these stories is when a little cattle herder in Ethiopia took his animals to graze and after eating the red fruit of the coffee bush, he noticed that his animals were very energetic. The shepherd tried this red fruit himself and found it energizing as well.
An Ethiopian monk who witnessed this strange behavior took some of the red coffee fruit back to other monks after witnessing it; they also spent the night awake and with more energy than usual. Of course, this was mainly because the red coffee berry contained high doses of caffeine and their bodies had a low tolerance for caffeine. This natural stimulant also acts as an innate herbicide that protects the coffee fruit from insects.
In its most basic, unprocessed form, coffee is a small cherry-like fruit that turns red when ripe; The coffee bean is located in the center of the red coffee fruit. Previously, fruits were mixed with animal fat to create a protein-rich snack bar. At one point, the fermented dough was used to make a wine-like concoction; coincidentally, before the invention of chocolate, a similar drink was made from cocoa fruit, this drink was even known as the drink of kings and it gives people alertness and energy like coffee, but this cocoa drink should not be confused with hot chocolate.
Another beverage that originated around 1000 AD was made from the whole coffee fruit, including beans and rind. It wasn't until the 13th century that humans began roasting coffee beans, the first step in the coffee-making process as we know it today.
The modern version of roasted coffee originated in Arabia. In the 13th century, coffee became immensely popular among the Muslim Arab community for its energizing powers, which proved beneficial in long prayer sessions. By roasting, boiling, and sterilizing coffee beans, the Arabs succeeded in conquering the market for coffee crops. For many years all European coffee was coming at high prices from the east. In fact, tradition says there was not a single coffee plant outside Arabia or Africa until the 1600s, when Baba Budan, an Indian pilgrim, left Mecca with fertile beans tied to a belt in his belly. Baba's beans resulted in a new and competitive European coffee trade.
In 1616 the Famous Seafaring Dutch explored the east, establishing the first European coffee plant in Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, then in 1696 in Java, Indonesia. The French began cultivating coffee in the Caribbean, then in Central America, the Spaniards had access to the coffees that many of us love, most notably Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and the Portuguese, with their excellent coffee in the mountains and hills like Brazil and Peru.
European coffee houses arose in Italy and later in France, where they reached a new level of popularity. It is now mandatory for Parisians to pamper themselves with a cup of coffee and a baguette or croissant in the numerous coffee cafes all over Paris. Or in Italy, like espresso, the country that is now most famous for its coffees, probably no one would even think of an Italy without coffee.
Coffee plants arrived in the New World in the early 18th century, but the beverage wasn't very popular in America until the 1773 Boston Tea Party when the transition from tea to coffee became a patriotic duty. Because tea was generally seen as the national beverage of the British and they felt that drinking tea somehow served the British culture, they turned to other alternatives. The Civil War and other conflicts that followed also helped increase coffee consumption, as soldiers in particular relied on caffeine for an energy boost, so most coffee consumption and habits Coffee consumption in the United States may have started a little late, but we can say that Americans love coffee as much as the rest of the world now. Teddy Roosevelt himself is considered among America's top coffee drinkers due to rumors that he consumes a gallon of coffee every day! Roosevelt is also said to have invented Maxwell House's famous slogan "Good to the Last Drop" after Andrew Jackson's historic home in the Hermitage, Tennessee, where coffee was served.
In the late 1800s, at the height of geographical discoveries, coffee became a worldwide commodity and entrepreneurs began to look for new ways to profit from the popular beverage. In 1864, brothers John and Charles Arbuckle from Pittsburgh, of course, had the industrial revolution here, as with many industries, and bought Jabez Burns' newly invented self-draining coffee bean roaster. The Arbuckle brothers began selling pre-roasted coffee in paper bags by the pound. They named their coffee "Ariosa" and sold it to cowboys of the West, with great success and profit. It wasn't long before James Folger wanted to expand the business and expand into other markets and start selling coffee to gold miners in California. This continued to grow as many other major coffee producers entered the industry, including Maxwell House and Hills Brothers.
In the 1960s, a certain awareness began to emerge for coffee, which was more special and focused more on taste and quality than impact and inspired the opening of the first Starbucks in Seattle in 1971. Today, the essential coffee movement continues to grow, with a scattering of independent small cafes that pride themselves on sustainable, locally sourced ones. Roasted Fair Trade beans. Coffee, like wine, has become an artistic trade that is valued for its complexity of flavor and terroir. Now, attention has been paid to the many different characteristics of coffee, how it is roasted, where it comes from, at what temperature and pressure. From ordering a wide variety of Starbucks, every coffee drinker has their own favorite way to enjoy this caffeinated wonder drink.
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