Florence with the Renaissance and the Medici - Places to Visit in Florence
Florence has a long history, renaissance architecture and an artistic past that will satisfy your eyes. Florence is the capital of the Tuscany region. As in the past, it is now an important trade center. It was built around the Arno River.
In fact, these fertile lands BC. It was founded in 59. Her first name was Florentia when it was given to veterans of Caesar's army. Thanks to what the Medici Family did after dominating the region in the 14th century, the city is considered one of the world's leading holiday destinations.
Florence is more attractive to those who are keen on the Renaissance period.
Florence is the birthplace of the Renaissance! There are very important renaissance works in the city. So we will start our trip with the Renaissance.
1. Uffizi Gallery
It was built between 1560 and 1580 as a working office for Duke Cosimo I.
In the art gallery, where you can see the works of masters such as Botticelli and Leonardo da Vinci, with works created by influences from Gothic, early Renaissance, high Renaissance and Mannerism movements, the collection, especially from the Medici Family, contains valuable pieces.
You can study Michelangelo's The Holy Family, Botticelli's The Birth of Venus and Titian's Venus of Urbino.
2. Accademia Gallery
The Academy Gallery is where you can see original sculptures of David and Abduction of the Sabine Women! In fact, this place was established in 1784 to unite the art schools in the city and to enable the students studying in these schools to work in a more comfortable environment.
Here many statues and Pope II. Prepared for Julius; but you can also see an unfinished mausoleum. It is one of the most popular places to visit in Florence.
3. Palazzo Vecchio
It was built between 1298-1314 by Arnolfo di Cambio. It took its present appearance in the 16th century. At the entrance of the palace, there is an exhibition room with a drawing showing the old state of Florence.
The magnificence of the hall, whose interior decoration was made by Vasari himself, is further enhanced by Michelangelo's Victory statue. On the other floors of the palace, which hosts Dante's world-famous Death Mask, there are rooms called Elements, Lilacs and Lilies with different decorative features.
4. Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence
The tombs of Galileo, Michelangelo, Dante, Machiavelli are here. It was built in the 13th century. It takes its name from a fragment of the Holy Cross donated by King Louis IX of France in 1258.
Inside, there are frescoes depicting St. Francis and St. John. The neo-Gothic style marble facade dates from 1857-1863. The basilica is the largest Franciscan church in the world. You can enter after purchasing your tickets online or at the ticket office next to the Basilica. Really great place to visit!
5. Pitti Palace
Designed by Brunelleschi for the Pitti Family, it was built in 1457 under the supervision of Luca Fancelli. It was bought by the Medici Family in the 16th century and used as a Napoleonic government base in the 18th century.
Opened to the public in 1919, the interior of the palace contains two rooms where porcelain and clothing used by the royal family are exhibited. Medici history all in one place! There is also the Boboli gardens, which is an extension of the palace and is also a huge place.
6. Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore
Florence Cathedral is located in the Duomo Square. Although it was started to be built by the architect Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296, the building was completed 600 years later. Both the exterior and the front of the cathedral are enormous – tinted with offset white marble with beautiful red, pink and green designs. Be sure to see this magnificent cathedral, which dates back almost a thousand years, on your trip to Florence.
7. Ponte Vecchio
It is a bridge over the Arno River. The word Vecchio means old, and the feature of this bridge is that it is the only structure that survived the Second World War among the many bridges on the Arno River.
There are many souvenir shops on the bridge over the Arno River, so it is one of the points where you can buy souvenirs during your trip. It is also very famous for the jewelers that have been in the shops on it since the Medici family time.
8. Cappelle Medicee
There's no point in Florence where you won't run into the Medici! That's why we think that if you do the necessary research about the Medici family before you go, you can feel more competent in the face of what you see.
Medici Chapel is one of the places that will offer you a visual feast. The noble Medici Family had this place built quite splendidly to reflect its influence. The walls of the Princes' Chapel inside the Medici Chapel are decorated with semi-precious stones. The New Sacristy section, designed by Michelangelo, hosts important works of the artist such as Dawn and Dusk, Night and Day, and Madonna and Child.
9. Basilica di San Lorenzo
By Peter K Burian CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59423421
Another Medici case. San Lorenzo is one of the oldest basilicas in the city, where the tombs of the Medici Family are located. The Medici Family commissioned Brunellesch for the construction of the church and Michelangelo for the construction of the cemetery chapel. However, although the church, which was one of the buildings left unfinished due to the death of both, was completed later in accordance with the plan, the chapel of Michelangelo, named "New Sacred", was never completed.
As you tour the church, you can see works by other Renaissance masters, including Donatello and Lippi, along with the Old Sanctuary, the New Holy, the Prince's Chapel, and the Laurentian Library.
Where to stay in Florence?
Accommodation in the city center in Florence can be a bit expensive. For an accommodation alternative, there are places on the opposite side of the Arno River within walking distance of the touristic areas of Florence.
For a luxurious accommodation experience in Florence, you can take a look at the hotel alternatives located on the Borgo San Jacopo, Piazza Ognissanti and Borgo San Frediano regions.